About the Philippines – the country, islands, and the philippine people

The Philippines is a place in the Pacific Ocean. The republic of the Philippines has 1 of the major populations in the globe. The place is an archipelago of a significant team of islands surrounded by crystal obvious h2o and lovely and special coral reefs. Of the seven,107 islands in the Philippines the major is Luzon, at one hundred and five square kilometres and just around fifty per cent of the islands in the place have names, and only 350 islands are larger than 2 and a half kilometres square. The tallest mountain array can be located on the island of Luzon the Cordillera Central the best of the mountain reaches around 2743 square meters. The tallest mountain peak can be located on the 2nd major island in the place Mindanao. Mount Apo rises 2956 meters tall. Like many other mountains in the place Mount Apo is an active volcano. Luzon is also the site of the capital of Manila the major and most crucial Philippine town. Manila has a port that stretches all around Manila bay for hundreds of several years Manila bay has been the country’s heart of delivery and trade. The Visayas make up the middle aspect of the Philippine islands. The major islands in the Visayas contain Leyte, Samar, Cebu, Negros, and Panay Mindanao is an Philippine island in the south of the place and the 2nd major island in the Philippines the island steps 94,700 square kilometres.

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The islands

The Philippine islands were fashioned by volcanoes and are aspect of a mountain chain that is typically less than h2o. The inside of most of the islands have many rugged mountains with dense rain forest and simply because of the regular rain tumble there are many rivers streams and waterfalls that continuously surge down the mountain sides. Since of the dense mountain rainforest and regular rain tumble the Philippines is endowed with spectacular sceneries in just the islands tropical rainforest majestic waterfalls magnificent caves and rock formations. Sad to say a great deal of the rain forest is disappearing just before the Spanish arrived in the 1500 around ninety per cent of the Philippine islands were included in rain forest. To day the place has misplaced close to 1-3rd of its tropical rainforest. The rain forest has been used and minimize down for its timber and to obvious land for farms and households.

The shoreline

With around 7000 islands the place has a coastline line a lot more than 36,three hundred kilometres in size. The beach locations and shoreline differs across the place are really sandy in spots these kinds of as Boracay which is famous for its lovely picturesque tropical white sand beach locations. With tropical plants and palm trees growing on these magnificent beach locations. On some island coastline lines are really rocky in place and in some spots you will uncover gray white sand beach locations and significant inland rivers that border with mangrove trees and swamps.

The rivers and lakes

Filipinos depend on fresh new h2o from rivers and lakes to irrigate their crops and own day-to-day dwelling prerequisites these kinds of as ingesting and washing. Pasig River is 1 of the major rivers in the place and flows via the capital of Manila. In the north also on the island of Luzon the longest Philippine river that flows via the Central Cordilleras, the Cagayan River.


Since the place is sitting down on the pacific ring of fireplace implies the Philippines have a great deal of active Volcanoes. One of the most famous volcanic eruptions transpire in June 1991 in the north of Luzon for many hundreds of several years Mount Pinatubo lay dormant. When Mount Pinatubo erupted a lot more than 1000 persons killed or wounded and remaining countless numbers of persons homeless. The explosion established a enormous ash cloud that included a lot more than a hundred twenty five thousand square kilometres blanketing the region in ash rock and darkness. One of the most active volcanoes in the Philippines is Mayo, also known as Mount Mayo this volcano has erupted 48 periods in the previous four hundred several years. Mount Mayo found on the island of Luzon in the province of Albay. Mayon Volcano proclaimed a national park in the calendar year 2003. The Mayo volcano is a completely shaped cone that towers 2462 meters above the land. Mayon Final major eruption was in February 1814, when it ruined three cities and included yet another two with volcanic ash and very hot larva about 1600 persons died due to this eruption.

The Philippine Individuals

For countless numbers of several years many different types persons and nations have been aspect of the Philippines the result is a place and persons with a special blend of many cultures. About thirty,000 BC Stone Age persons settled in the Tabon caves on the island of Palawan the place was later on joined by the Negritos that arrived across land bridges from Borneo Indonesia, and Sumatra and centuries latter joined by people from Malaya India china and the middle east. Magellan was the initial European to set foot on the Philippines in 1521 Ferdinand Magellan explored the archipelago Magellan and most of his men were killed all through the battle of Mactan on the Island of Cebu. Spain proven a long lasting settlement on the island of Cebu in 1565

Family faith and schooling are really crucial in Filipino lifestyle.

Temperature dwelling in the town or the place or on an isolated island loved ones, faith and schooling are really remarkably valued by just about each and every 1 Filipinos have many positive values these kinds of as regard for authority and a high regard for the dignity of all the persons.


Most Filipinos maintain strong spiritual beliefs they frequently get aspect in spiritual ceremonies rejoice holy days with significant festivals. The Spanish in which really prosperous in changing the Filipino to Christianity generating the Philippine the only Christian country in Asia Roman Catholic make up 85% of the population, 5 % of the population are Sunni Muslim’s the major no Christian team in the place. Most early Filipinos were animistic and worshiped ancestral sprits known as anitos they believed theses sprits lived in the mountains in the Trees Rivers and fields. Many Filipinos believe that in ghost and witches (Multo) ghost and (mangkukulam) ghost. Roman Catholic perception performs an crucial aspect in the daily existence of most Filipinos.The Philippine persons worship Christ mother Mary and other holy persons referred to as saints many Filipinos enhance their households trics jeepneys boats colleges of illustrations or photos of Christ and mother Mary.

Nearby islands and china released Islam to the Philippines today there are several million Filipinos that adhere to the faith of Islam. Some Filipinos exercise Taoism which is a spiritual perception that originated in china the major Taoist temple in the Philippines is in Cebu.

The Filipino loved ones

The Filipino loved ones the fundamental models of the Philippine social business which consists of the father the mother and small children the bilateral prolonged loved ones which incorporates all relations of the Father and Mother. Of particular worth the bond and unity fashioned by the brothers and sisters. Filipino thinks of their loved ones as a resource of energy and safety. It is not uncommon for single daughters and sons to stay at home with their moms and dads, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins. The loved ones are really close and if anyone wants support many others chip in and do what they can to support the loved ones member in will need. The father-partner is the head of the loved ones and is usually unconditionally obeyed by his wife and small children. The father part and obligation is to meet the fiscal wants of the loved ones. The Filipino father is the major resource of self-control in the loved ones and sometimes takes advantage of corporal punishment on each sons and daughters even though corporal punishment used on small children in the Philippines is now slowly but surely obtaining used significantly less and significantly less due to the Philippine society educating and implementing new values on elevating small children. The small children a great deal of Filipino mothers pamper their small children these has the result of prolonging the childhood of the small children they are not pushed or rushed into adulthood responsibilities and anticipations are stored below the child’s prospective this treatment and passion lavished upon the small children creates a feeling of belonging and safety. As a result the small children will generally contribute to parent’s fiscal support and psychological support and safety. The conventional Filipino wife and mother get treatment of all the details to make certain the loved ones features as a dwelling and loving organised loved ones unit. The mother is in demand of the home and all the details pertaining to the small children these kinds of as cooking the loved ones meal looking at the small children are clothed and all set for university the having to pay of wage to the maids (ya -ya) and all other household bills. Bizarre as it may well feel females share equal place with gentleman in Philippine society lady participation in skilled perform and politics is absolutely recognized this equality can be traced back to ancient Malayan custom.


Instruction Filipino small children show up at 6 several years of elementary university and four several years of high university. Classes are taught in the Philipino, language tagalog and English the countrys major formal languages. More than ninety% of all elementary show up at government colleges. From June until eventually March Filipino small children shell out their days at university classes begin all around 8 in the morning in the towns like Manila and sometimes all around seven am in the rural areas just before classes begin the small children salute the flag and recite the pledge of allegiance. The Philippines has a really high literacy level which most persons in the place can browse and write regretably due to the high unemployment level and the nominal wage paid out to decrease course personnel these kinds of as farmers and labours some small children have to drop out of university to perform and support to support their people and some small children show up at colleges that do not have more than enough university materials and equipment these kinds of as textbooks desks and chairs and pcs.


The Philippine for its languages Filipino English and Spanish there are 87 different major dialects ranging from Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Waray-waray, Kapampagan, and Panasinah. The English languages and the mass schooling of the English language has been an American contribution to the Filipino existence. English was released so different persons dwelling in different elements of the Philippines could recognize 1 yet another. The American declared English the place formal language all through the time they ruled the Philippines. In 1937 the Philippine government made the decision to change English with a language referred to as Filipino also known as Tagalog the most greatly spoken Philippine language primarily throughout some of the major towns. Nowadays Filipino and English are the place formal languages. In different elements of the Philippines some time s you will Filipinos that can talk anywhere up to four languages and some periods a lot more primarily the persons who have traveled and lived in different elements of the place. For example theses Filipinos can talk the language from the region they grew up in and lived in as a baby they also can talk English and Tagalog and sometimes yet another language that is native to in which they stay as an grownup or learnt as a baby. For example English, Tagalog, Cebuano, Waray-Waray could be four languages a one Filipino can talk.

The persons conventional dwelling

Half of the Philippine population stay in the place in the vicinity of mountains forest on little islands or on the plains there are many types of conventional households Bahay kubo is a conventional rural home some time referred to as a nipa hut.The walls and floors are produced from bamboo and palms leaves the woven palm leaves are overlapped and tired down to timber or bamboo to sort the roof. Other persons in the place facet stay in wooden home and other inexpensive timber with iron and galvanised roofs.The a lot more rich place Filipino stay in a larger sized extravagant modern day home and homes are produced from cement bricks and cement.On a great deal of Smaller Island and place areas the home has 1 major place with a couple of items of furniture and mats on the flooring in which the loved ones sleeps.The kitchen area is usually in yet another place with a wooden burning stove and sometimes a little fuel stove relying on how isolated the loved ones is from the closest city. In the larger sized place cities many of the native homes have electric power and some of them even have indoor plumbing but theses conveniences are scarce in little villages even though now a lot more and a lot more Smaller Islands and villages are receiving electric power but there is still a great deal of villages that do not. The Philippine persons that stay in an region that does not have electric power or indoor plumbing gather h2o from a community very well and burn kerosene lamps for lights in the night

The people’s transportation

The initial persons who migrated to the Philippine islands used barangays (boats). Now day’s inter island ships and ferries have been the ideal implies of transportation of excellent and products from island to yet another persons also depend on these ships as ferries simply because the price tag of a aircraft ticket are really expensive for the minimal cash flow people. Banca a slim wooden boat with an out boat motor connected to the back. The boat has wooden and bamboo frames extending from each sides of the boats that operate like platoons avoiding the boat from tipping around or capsizing. Early Filipinos used these little boats to trade and get materials from neighboring islands.The larger sized banca boats are largely used as persons ferries and significant professional fishing boats.The lesser banca boats are used for lesser journeys in calmer h2o. A conventional sort of transportation is the pedicabs a tricycle with a facet cart this sort of transportation are still common in some place cities and provinces primarily on the island of Leyte and Samar.

The Philippine jeepney

A Philippine icon king of the highway proof of Philippine innovation the jeepney is a little bus produced from jeeps remaining guiding by the US military. The jeeps in which remodeled in to busses painted in lively glowing flamboyant colours and patterns and adorned with mirrors multi-coloured lights and spiritual icons. The jeepney lesser brother the stainless steel jeep was produced and created for realistic motives fisherman complained that seawater and the natural environment was corroding their jeepneys. So in 1971 Tomas Araga invented and created the initial jeep the jeep demands significantly less servicing simply because it is complicated and does not rust. The jeep is an excellent Philippine car or truck simply because they are adapted to the special Philippine climate primarily from the severe salt air and the unpredictable temperature.

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